Tuesday, 26 September 2017

Tabriz

Tabriz Gallery

Tabriz is the fifth most populated city in Iran, one of the historical capitals of Azerbaijan and the present capital of East Azerbaijan Province. It is situated in the valley of the Quru River and its elevation from sea level is about 1,350 meters. Tabriz is located in a valley to the north of the long ridge of the volcanic cone of Sahand, south of the Eynali mountain. The valley opens out into a plain that slopes gently down to the north eastern end of Lake Urmia, 60 kilometres (37 miles) to the west. With cold winters and temperate summers the city is considered a summer resort. The estimated population of the city is around 3,050,241[3] based on results of the Iranian census bureau. Tabriz is the forth most populous city in Iran after Tehran, Mashhad, and Isfahan. Tabriz is a major hub for heavy industries including automobile, machine tools, oil and petrochemical and cement production. Tabriz is famous within Iran as the holder of many historical, economical cultural achievements. These include such titles as the "City of Firsts",the city without beggars and homelessness, the city of underpasses and overpasses, the safest city in Iran (crime rate is the lowest in Iran), Iran's healthiest city, the cradle of Iran's foreign investments, the second industrial city of Iran, Iran's automotive hub for parts, car manufacturing and the biggest engine producer in the middle east, the chocolate city of Iran, the second university city of Iran, the second city for tower construction in Iran, the second pole of medical sciences in Iran, the second largest city in attracting health tourists in Iran, and one of the most important host cities in Iran. With a rich history, Tabriz contains many historical monuments, but repeated devastating earthquakes and several invasions during frequent wars have substantially damaged many of them. Many monuments in the city date back to the Ilkhanid, Safavid, and Qajar periods, among them is the large Tabriz Historic Bazaar Complex which is inscribed as a World Heritage Site in 2010. The oldest signs of the civilization in the city is an excavation site and museum in the city center with a history that dates back 2500 years.

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Historic Tourist Attractions In Tabriz :

Arg-e Alishah


Arg-e Alishah


Arg-e AliShāh, also known as Arg-e Tabriz and Masjid AliShāh, is a remnant of a mosque in the center of Tabriz, Iran, built in the Ilkhanate period. Construction of Arg begins under advisory of Illkhanate minister Taj-edin-Jahanshah, as a mosque. However construction was halted after the death of the minister and the collapse of the roof of the mosque . Later on Arg was used as an educational center during Safavid era. During the occupation of Tabriz by Ottoman Turks the remnants of the Arg suffered further destruction. During Qajar dynasty Arg was used as military depot and storage for Iranian army during the Perso-Russian wars. Only the southern portion of the Arg remains. After the Iranian Revolution the Islamic Republic further damaged the Arg to make a new mosque for Friday prayers. The remaining structure stands 28 meters high. The latest restoration is undertaken by Iranian Organization of Cultural Heritages in 2013.

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Old Grand Bazaar


Old Grand Bazaar


The Bazaar of Tabriz is a historical market situated in the middle of Tabriz, Iran. It is one of the oldest bazaars in the Middle East and the largest covered bazaar in the world. and is one of Iran's UNESCO World Heritage Sites. Tabriz has been a place of cultural exchange since antiquity. Its historic bazaar complex is one of the most important commercial centres on the Silk Road. Located in the center of the city of Tabriz, Iran, the structure consists of several sub-bazaars, such as Amir Bazaar (for gold and jewelry), Mozzafarieh (a carpet bazaar), a shoe bazaar, and many other ones for various goods. The most prosperous time of Tabriz and its bazaar was in the 16th century when the town became the capital city of the Safavid kingdom. The city lost its status as a capital in the 17th century, but its bazaar has remained important as a commercial and economic center.

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Azerbaijan Museum


Azerbaijan Museum


Azerbaijan Museum is the major archaeological and historical museum in Tabriz, in the northwest part of Iran (East Azerbaijan province). It was established on April 1958. The museum consists of three major halls, a side yard, office rooms and a library. It mostly contains objects discovered from excavations in Iranian Azerbaijan also some artworks and sculptures of artists. Its library contains more than 2500 books both hand written and printed book about history, archaeology, art and Iranian culture. Apart from National Museum of Iran in Tehran, Azerbaijan Museum has the largest collection belonging to different periods of Iran's history.The museum has three galleries. The first gallery bears the oldest remains from 5th millennium BC until Sassanian dynasty (212-656 AD). The museum's monuments include goddesses, Rhytons, two skeletons (male and female) and a carved slab of marble known as Bism Allah-Stone.

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Blue Mosque


Blue Mosque


The Blue Mosque is a famous historic mosque in Tabrīz, Iran. The mosque and some other public buildings were constructed in 1465 upon the order of Jahan Shah, the ruler of Kara Koyunlu. The mosque was severely damaged in an earthquake in 1779, leaving only the entrance iwan. Reconstruction began in 1973 by the late Reza Memaran Benam under the supervision of Iranian Ministry of Culture. However, the tiling is still incomplete. The Blue mosque of Tabriz was built upon the order of Jahan Shah the ruler of Kara Koyunlu dynasty which made Tabriz the capital of his Kingdom. His Kingdom covered major parts of modern Iran, Azerbaijan, and Turkey. He was killed by Uzun Hassan (the ruler of Ak Koyunlu) and buried on the only parts of the mosque that survived. The mausoleum was built in the southern section of the mosque and is entirely covered with high marble slabs on which verses from Quran are engraved in Thulth script on a background of fine arabesques.

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Amir Nezam House


Amir Nezam House


 The Amir Nezām House, or The Qajar Museum of Tabriz, is a historical building in the Sheshghelan district, one of the oldest quarters of the city of Tabriz, Iran. The base of the edifice covers an area of 1200 square metres. This monument which since 2006 houses a museum dedicated to the Qajar dynasty (1781-1925), was built in the period of the Crown Prince Abbas Mirza (1789-1833). It was renovated by Hasan-Ali Khan, Amir Nezām Garrousi, in his position as the Major-domo of Azarbaijan, and used as his residency. In the subsequent periods, the house was employed as the official residence of the provincial governors of Azarbaijan. Because of persistent neglect over a long period of time, this building had come to be in such a bad state of disrepair that for a time it was seriously considered to demolish it and build a school in its place. Between 1993-2006 it has been subject of an extensive renovation process and since the completion of this undertaking it has been granted the National Heritage status.

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Constitutional House of Tabriz


Constitutional House of Tabriz


Constitution House of Tabriz, also known as Khaneh Mashrouteh or khaneh Abolmeleh, is a historical edifice located next to the Great Bazaar of Tabriz, on Motahari Ave in Tabriz, Iran. During the years which led to Constitutional Revolution and afterwards the house was used as a gathering place of the leaders, activists and sympathizers of the movement. Among them, the most famous people were Sattar khan, Bagher Khan, Seqat-ol-Eslam Tabrizi and Haji Mirza Aqa Farshi and the founder Haji Mehdi Kuzeh kanaani, himself a revolutionary activist and a well-reputed person of the time; who was named Abolmele, i.e. the father of the nation at the time. . The two story building was constructed in 1868 by Haj Vali Me'mar-e Tabrizi. It has numerous rooms and halls. The most beautiful part of the house is a skylight and corridor decorated with colorful glass and mirrors.

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