Tuesday, 26 September 2017

Qeshm

Qeshm Gallery

Qeshm is an Iranian island in the Strait of Hormuz, and separated from the mainland by the Clarence Strait/Khuran in the Persian Gulf (26°50′N 56°0′E).Qeshm Island is located a few kilometers off the southern coast of Iran (Persian Gulf), opposite the port cities of Bandar Abbas and Bandar Khamir. The island, which hosts a 300 square kilometer free zone jurisdiction, is 135 km long, and lies strategically in the Strait of Hormuz, just 60 kilometers from the Omani port of Khasab, and about 180 kilometers from the UAE Port Rashid. The island, at its widest point, located near the center of the island, spans 40 kilometers. Similarly, at it narrowest point, the island spans 9.4 kilometers. The island has a surface area of 1491 square kilometers and is 2.5 times the size of Bahrain. Qeshm city, located at the easternmost point of the island, is 22 kilometers from Bandar Abbas while the closest point of the island is but two kilometers from the mainland. The average temperature on the island is approximately 27 °C. The warmest months are June through August, and the coldest from October to January. The average rainfall is 183.2 mm. The island comprises 59 towns and villages and the population is approximately 100,000. The local population is involved in fishing, dhow construction, trade and services. An additional 30,000 are involved in administrative and industrial workforce and students. Plans have also been made to build a bridge to connect Qeshm with the rest of Iran.Historical records concerning the Qeshm island date far back into the pre-Islamic era. Names as Qeshm, Keshm, Kish and Tunb mark the lengthy stay of Ilamids in the area, several centuries BC. It is, apparently, the island called Alexandria[disambiguation needed] or Aracia by Ptolemy (Book 6, Chap. IV), in the 2nd century CE and as Alexandria by Ammianus Marcellinus (xxiii.6.42) in the 4th century. On account of its strategic geopolitical situation, near the mouth of the Persian Gulf, it has been frequently attacked by invaders including Ilamids (Elamites), Umayyads, Abbasids as well as the Portuguese and English. During Sassanian Empire administration the island was called Abarkawan.[3] According to historical records, Qeshm Island has been famous as a trade and navigation center. Its economy flourished during the Dailamites and Buyid eras, as trade vessels sailed between Qeshm Island and China, India and Africa.

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Historic Tourist Attractions In Qeshm :

Stars Valley


Stars Valley


The Stars Valley which is located in a beautiful area carries a peculiar Geo-Morphological structure. It is known as one of the main Geopark sites approved by the UNESCO. This site has been formed by very soft sedimentary and erodible layers made of marl on which there is a layer of calcareous sandstone. It is a suitable location for studying sedimentary layers, mechanism of erosion on the layers and their weathering. On the other hand, bulks of needle-shaped pillars, vertical rims, and several erosion-made holes have added more beauty to the Stars Valley.People of the "Stars Valley" believe that once a huge star fell on their village( in the corner of Qeshm)  and made strange design of soil and stone and  a shape there remained forever. The Stars Valley is known as one of the most beautiful geological manifestations in Qeshm Island. It has been created in Berkeh Khalaf Village gradually and through erosion. 

Chahkooh Canyon


Chahkooh Canyon


Chahkooh Canyon is located at a 15km distance of Tabl village in South-East of Eastern Chahoo village. In the site, there are two canyons plumbed on each other vertically. It is a narrow canyon with vertical rims and wonderful formations, which seems to be representing a creative artist’s demonstration. In some cases, the width of these rims reaches even to 1 m. This canyon which has been created in a layer of sand and due to the existence of marl layers, silt and lime and their dissolving erosion in holes, several beautiful ruts have been created. Since the floor of the canyon is the place on which water flows after each time raining, the locals have graved well (Chah in Persian) on it to make use of water, so the name “Chahkooh’ which means “Mount Well” has accordingly been chosen for it.

Hara Forest


Hara Forest


Perhaps the most unique attraction on Qeshm Island and the coasts of Persian Gulf for every domestic or foreign tourist is the floating Mangrove forests. It spreads from strait of Hormoz to the east on Oman beaches and the Indian Ocean. These widespread forests can be seen at the beaches of Persian Gulf around the Laft horbor at north of Qeshm Island and Khamir horbor. Avesina, the great Iranian scientist, called the trees "Hara", which are called Timer in Sistan and Baluchestan and Toul in some southern parts of Iran. Arabs call them Shoura and Azam. The Hara forest is the common name for Mangrove forest. Hara forest spreads at the latitude of 50-500m around the Qeshm Island. It bounds an area about 150 k m, a plot of land with an area of 8234 hectares.The real and exact expansion of these forests is about 6012 hectares.At the time of ebb (low tide), the trees and their sludgy beds come out of the water and present as widespread island. At the high tide, the water covers Hara forests and it disappears.

Portuguese Castle


Portuguese Castle


The Fort of Our Lady of the Conception, also known as the Portuguese Castle (is a red stone fortress on  qeshm Island) .This castle was built in the year 1030 AH. To the north east of this island under the decree of the Spanish monarch of the times. The same has two ramparts and towers in the four corners. Within the castle a number of extremely ancient and rusty canons remain to date.  The castle was built by Portuguese commander Alfonso de Albuquerque when his forces seized the island in the early sixteenth century. The fact that such an important place was in foreign hands was so galling to Safavie king Shah Abbas I that he eventually convinced the British East India Company to allow its ships to cooperate with his land forces and wrested the island from the Portuguese in 1622.The castle built by the Portuguese on Hormoz Island is without doubt the most impressive colonial fortress in Iran.

Kharbas Caves


Kharbas Caves


The ancient village of kharbas is on qeshm island and located on the fork road of qeshm –dargahan.this ancient city is related  to the sassandie era,and till the 4th century ah.was a thriving city.the estimated length of this city is 7 km. and sweet-water was utilized here.hestling in the heights of this village are historial  eridences revealing architectural effects in the rocks.some belives this to be the place of worship of the mithraism cult or the anahita temple.there are some caves in the mountains near kharbas village,called kharbas caves.these caves which are both natural and manmade are located 10 km from qeshm city on the slopes of a mountain which faces the sea and miyankaseh plain.There are four caves,which are connected from within.not all these caves are natural,but some of them been carved out by ancient iranians,who have used them as they needed.

Salt Caves


Salt Caves


Some mountains of Qeshm have turned into salt caves as a result of accumulation of sea water in deep fault and subsequent precipitation of salt. Such caves are not only important as a tourism attraction, but are also significant geological hallmarks. The caves are more than 6 km long. Namakdan salt dome is among natural attractions of Qeshm island, which attracts a lot of tourists every year. Namakdan salt dome is the only salt dome in Qeshm island which extends from southern promontory of Salakh anticline up to the northwestern promontory of Basaeedou anticline. Salt caves are located to the south of Namakdan salt dome and are up to 20 m high. This cave is the longest salt cave in the world. It is 6850 meters long. According to recent researches, breathing in the caves may be useful for curing asthma.

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