Tuesday, 26 September 2017

Mashhad

Mashhad Gallery

Mashhad is the second most populous city in Iran and is the capital of Razavi Khorasan Province. It is located in the north east of the country close to the borders of Afghanistan and Turkmenistan. Its population is 3,131,586. It was a major oasis along the ancient Silk Road connecting with Merv in the East. Mashhad is the hometown of some of the most significant Iranian literary figures and artists such as Mehdi Akhavan-Sales, the famous contemporary poet and Mohammad-Reza Shajarian, the traditional Iranian singer and composer. Mashhad is also known as the city of Ferdowsi, the Iranian poet of Shahnameh, which is considered to be the national epic of Iran. Ferdowsi and Akhavan Sales are both buried in Tus, an ancient city that is considered to be the main origin of the current city of Mashhad. The city is however most well known and respected for housing the tomb of Imam Reza, the eighth Shia Imam. Every year millions of pilgrims visit the Imam Reza shrine and pay their tributes to Imam Reza.The name Mashhad comes from Arabic, meaning the place of martyrdom the place where Ali ar-Ridha (Persian, Imam Reza), the eighth Imam of Shia Muslims, was martyred and so his shrine was placed there.
At the beginning of the 9th century (3rd century AH) Mashhad was a small village called Sanabad situated 24 km away from Tus. There was a summer palace of "Hamid ibn Qahtabi", the governor of Khorasan. In 808 when Harun al-Rashid, Abbasid caliph, was passing through there to settle down the insurrection of Rafi ibn al-Layth in Transoxania, he became ill and died. He was buried under the palace of Hamid ibn Qahtabi. Several years later in 818 Imam Ali al-Reza was martyred by Al-Ma'mun and was buried beside the grave of Harun.

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Historic Tourist Attractions In Mashhad :

Goharshad Mosque


Goharshad Mosque


Goharshad Mosque is a former free standing mosque in Mashhad of the Razavi Khorasan Province, Iran, which now serves as one of the prayer halls within the Imam Reza shrine complex. It was built by the order of Empress Goharshad, the wife of Shah Rukh of the Timurid Dynasty in 1418 CE. The architect of the edifice was Ghavameddin Shirazi, who is responsible for so many of Shah Rukh's great buildings, with the architectural and decorative manpower supplied from Shiraz and Isfahan.The mosque underwent some renovations during the Safavid and Qajar eras. It has four iwans and a courtyard measuring 50 m × 55 m (164 ft × 180 ft), as well as several shabestans.The double layered dome of the mosque was severely damaged in 1911 in bombings by troops of the Russian Empire.

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Shandiz


Shandiz


The city of Shandiz is located in the northern slopes of the Binalood heights. The city features a temperate climate, vast gardens and spectacular natural landscapes and is considered as one of the major tourist attractions of Mashhad. Many tourists and pilgrims visiting Mashhad hardly ever leave without visiting this area at least once. The mild climate, wonderful traditional garden restaurants, and handicraft and food shops are a major appeal for people, not to mention the many creeks and valleys that help make the region beautiful and attractive to nature-lovers. Shandiz symbol is a 2700-year-old plantain tree. Cherry is the main orchard product of this city. The famous food of Shandiz is 6-pieces grilled lamb called Shishlik which is very delicious. The recreation centers of this resort are as follows: Forest Park, Golestan tourist complex, Padideh Shandiz restaurant complex, Abardeh ski resort, motorcycle resort, gardens and beautiful landscapes.

Ferdowsi Tomb


Ferdowsi Tomb


Hakim Abu ʾl-Qasim Ferdowsi Tusi, highly revered Persian poet and the author of the epic of Shahnameh - the Persian "Book of Kings" - which is the world's longest epic poetry created by a single poet, and the national epic of Iran and the Persian speaking world. Having drafted the Shahnameh under patronage of the Samanid and the Ghaznavid courts, Ferdowsi is celebrated as one of the most influential Persian poets of all time, and an influential figure in Persian literature.Ferdowsi was buried in his own garden, burial in the cemetery of Tus having been forbidden by a local cleric. A Ghaznavid governor of Khorasan constructed a mausoleum over the grave and it became a revered site. The tomb, which had fallen into decay, was rebuilt between 1928 and 1934 by Society for the National Heritage of Iran on the orders of Reza Shah and has now become the equivalent of a national shrine.

Kooh Sangi


Kooh Sangi


Kooh Sangi is one of the oldest and most memorable sights of Mashhad that it is so called due to two rocky mountain overlooking the city. This place is ranked as the third most visited place by tourists after Imam Reza holy shrine and Ferdowsi’s tomb. The creation of an artificial lake and an island for birds has attracted a large number of tourists. This park has been recently developed and expanded. It is the largest recreation center in Mashhad after Mellat Park.

Museums of Astan Quds Razavi


Museums of Astan Quds Razavi


his museum was inaugurated in the year 1945. The collection of this mausoleum is relative to the Islamic period. The museum of Astan-e-Qods Razavi comprises of three museums that are Markazi, Malek Abad and Ganjineh-ye-Qoran Museums. In this museum an array of valuable and ancient Qoran, ancient books, and archaic samples from the pages of Qorans relative to the early period of Islam are on display. These are mostly in the Kufi script and are written on parchments of deer. Inscriptions in gold which are on display in this museum are in the ‘Thulth’ and ‘Nasta'liq’ scripts written by Ali Reza Abassi in Safavid era.Other calligraphy materials by calligraphers such as Ostad Mir Emad, Ostad Ahmad Neyrizi and Ostad Kalhor, are present in the museum. Other Materials of interest in this museum are woven textiles which are of great value dating back to the 11-13th centuries AH. and carpets and rugs which belong to the Safavid era.

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